When you think of a QA Tester, what comes to mind? Is it a pair of glasses and a bright smile? A well-worn set of headphones and a dreamy look in the eye? Perhaps it’s more than that — maybe it’s a passion for technology, for quality assurance, for testing.
If any of these are true for you, then this is the job for you.
Software Testing/QA course 2 free lectures
What is a Quality Assurance Tester
QA testers are responsible for testing software that helps to ensure it is performing properly, reporting bugs and regression and validating the software in different environments.
Testing is a critical part of the software development process. As an aspiring QA tester, you’ll be working with a team of developers and stakeholders to ensure that your company’s application or website works as expected. In order for this to happen, it’s important to know what testing is all about and how it helps make sure every platform performs efficiently and safely.
Testing involves running different kinds of tests on an application or website in order to verify whether it meets requirements and performs as expected. Most times these tests will be automated using tools such as Selenium WebDriver (or another automation tool) so they can quickly run through thousands upon thousands of test cases without any human intervention required – aside from initial setup tasks).
What Does a QA Tester Do
As a QA tester, you’ll be responsible for finding bugs or regression issues and reporting them to a quality assurance manager. You may be asked to validate the software in different environments as well. You will test software for various types of defects such as functional errors and security failures.
A QA tester is responsible for testing software and websites to ensure they work properly, are user-friendly, and meet the needs of the company or client.
The role of a QA tester includes:
- Testing software and websites for bugs, glitches, and crashes
- Creating test plans based on user stories and requirements
- Creating test cases to use during testing
- Testing new features as they’re developed by developers
- Reporting bugs found during testing
Quality Assurance ≠ Quality Control
Quality Assurance (QA) and Quality Control (QC) are two different processes that both fall under the umbrella of quality management. Both QA and QC are important in the manufacturing process, but they have distinctly different purposes.
The difference between the two terms comes down to the point in time when they occur: testing occurs before products are released, whereas quality control happens after products have been released. Thus, testing is an integral part of quality assurance (QA), whereas quality control is an integral part of quality management.
How to Become a QA Tester
Before you can become a full-time software tester, you will need training.
This will include things like:
- Experience in software testing
- Good communication skills with other people (in person) and over the phone or internet (if working remotely)
- The ability to work under pressure at times
There are many ways to gain experience: internships, volunteering and working in an entry-level position are some good options. You can also gain experience by attending a testing conference or reading books on testing.
Although most of your potential clients may prefer QA testers with a bachelor’s degree in engineering or computer science, it’s not typically required. In the team selection process, team members are usually required to undergo an interview and technical testing, and that’s the part you need to prepare for.
Consider taking an online course or tutorial to solidify your knowledge of operational and usability testing, as well.
Here is some testing-related software:
- Test automation frameworks: This refers to a set of guidelines used for creating and designing test cases. It combines practices and tools designed to help QA professionals test more efficiently. These test frameworks include coding standards, test data handling methods, object repositories, processes for storing test results, and information on how to access external resources. Popular tools include Appium, Bamboo, Bitbucket, GitLab, Jenkins, JUnit, QMetry, Robot Framework, and Selenium.
- Bug tracking tools: The following are open-source (free) applications and commercial bug tracking tools that help testers record, report, and monitor bugs in a software development project: Bugzilla, HP ALM, JIRA, Mantis, Trac, Redmine, FogBugz, YouTrack, BugNET, Backlog, ReQtest, and Zoho.
- Test management software: Development teams use these tools to manage, track, and maintain their software test cases and results and turn them into actionable reports. Examples include qTest, PractiTest, Zephyr, Test Collab, TestFLO, XQual, and Xray.
You may choose to pursue specific certifications issued by professional associations or testing software manufacturers. They’re helpful, whether you’re a beginner or have years of experience in the software testing field. Here are three organizations you may want to look into:
- Association for Software Testing
- Society of Quality Assurance
- International Software Testing Qualifications Board (ISTQB)
But going out and getting real world experience may be the most valuable way of all because it will help you learn how to become a tester.
What is a Software Quality Assurance (SQA) Testing
Software Quality Assurance (SQA) Testing is a process that aims to improve the quality of software. It is also known as Software Quality Control (SQC).
It is performed by testers who are also known as software testers, or software testing engineers. Software testing is a critical part of any software development lifecycle. It’s a process that involves identifying and reporting bugs, errors, or issues with the software that needs to be fixed before a product can be released.
While there are several ways to become a software tester, it’s important to understand that there are different specializations within this field. Regardless of which area interests you most, it’s important to first understand what exactly goes into the job description and what types of skills you should have. This will help you make an informed decision about whether or not this career path is right for you!
What Do Software Testers Do?
As mentioned above, there are several different types of testers out there. The main goal is always going to be finding bugs in the product being tested and then reporting those findings back to developers so they can fix them before releasing the product onto store shelves or online stores like Amazon or Apple’s App Store (or even Google Play).
Some software testers might focus on finding bugs while others might focus more on usability issues like whether or not users can easily navigate through menus or find what they need quickly and easily.
Testers plan and execute a set of test cases that they have created or received from their management. They check the functionality and quality of the product under test. They also verify whether the product meets its requirements, and if it does not meet them, they identify why that happened and make recommendations about how to fix it.
The SQA testing process begins with the creation of a test plan, which outlines the steps that will be taken to test the software. This is followed by writing a set of test cases, each of which represents a specific test scenario. These tests are then run on the software, and their results are compared against those in the test case. This process allows testers to identify bugs or errors in the software and fix them before they reach customers.
Software testing is classified into two categories
- Manual software testing
- Automation software testing
Software application QA testing methods:
- Black-Box Testing
The technique of testing without having any knowledge of the interior workings of the application is called black-box testing. The tester is oblivious to the system architecture and does not have access to the source code. Typically, while performing a black-box test, a tester will interact with the system’s user interface by providing inputs and examining outputs without knowing how and where the inputs are worked upon.
- Grey-Box Testing
Gray-box testing is a technique to test the application with having a limited knowledge of the internal workings of an application. In software testing, the phrase the more you know, the better carries a lot of weight while testing an application.
Mastering the domain of a system always gives the tester an edge over someone with limited domain knowledge. Unlike black-box testing, where the tester only tests the application’s user interface; in gray-box testing, the tester has access to design documents and the database. Having this knowledge, a tester can prepare better test data and test scenarios while making a test plan.
- White-Box Testing
White-box testing is the detailed investigation of internal logic and structure of the code. White-box testing is also called glass testing or open-box testing. In order to perform white-box testing on an application, a tester needs to know the internal workings of the code.
The tester needs to have a look inside the source code and find out which unit/chunk of the code is behaving inappropriately.
There are different levels during the process of testing. In this chapter, a brief description is provided about these levels.
Levels of testing include different methodologies that can be used while conducting software testing. The main levels of software testing are:
- Functional Testing
- Non-functional Testing
What Skills Do You Need to Be a QA Tester
QA testing is a skill that is in high demand. The job is a bit more complicated than it might appear at first glance, though—it requires an understanding of the software development process, as well as familiarity with specific software development tools.
Here are some of the skills you need to be a QA tester:
- The first thing you’ll need is an attention to detail. You may think this is common sense, but it’s not; you need to be able to pay attention to the smallest details in order to avoid missing any errors or bugs in your tests.
- Next, good communication skills will help you work with your team and give them feedback on their work. Your ability to communicate effectively will affect how they respond when they see something wrong with your test plan or find a bug in their code.A good quality assurance tester is able to communicate with other members of the software development team and explain the details of their test plan to them.
- Time management is another important skill for QA Testers because they often have multiple projects going at once and need to prioritize which ones should take precedence over others.
- Problem-solving skills are also crucial for QA Testers because they need to be able to identify problems quickly so they can resolve them before moving on with their work.
- Strong listening skills will help you understand what other people are saying so you can provide feedback about their work without interrupting them or talking over them too much (which happens all too often in meetings).
- You also need an understanding of test automation tools and manual testing practices. Manual testing can be time-consuming and repetitive, so it helps to know how to use automated tools to do some of the work for you.
- In order to properly test software, a QA Tester must know how to write a test plan. This includes writing down the goals of testing and what type of tests will be conducted during testing. The QA Tester must also be familiar with testing tools such as automation tools and manual testing practices.
- Finally, you’ll need a strong understanding of the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) because that’s where all of your testing needs will come from. Your test plan should align with the product roadmap and development cycle so that you can focus on finding bugs early in the process before they become expensive problems later on down the road. For example if there were issues with performance then these could potentially cause problems later down the road once it’s deployed; so it’s imperative that these issues are dealt with early on before they become apparent later on down the road when deployment takes place!
How to Get a Job
As you look for the right job, it’s important to do your own research. And when you find a job that looks like it will be a good fit, apply as soon as possible – even if the deadline is in two weeks! It’s also important to be patient and persistent during this process; there are no guarantees when it comes to finding work or being hired into an industry of your choice.
The best way to get hired is by having the skills and experience that companies are looking for at any given time, so make sure you have those before applying for any jobs (or at least be willing to learn them). If nothing else, take some time out of each day each week over the next month or two just so that when the right opportunity comes along later on down the line (and trust me: there will always be another one), then not only will we know exactly what kind of position would work best within our resume but also feel confident discussing why they should pick us!
You can become a successful QA tester if you know what you’re doing and know what jobs are available.
- Know what jobs are available. It’s a good idea to have an idea of the types of QA testers that are needed in your area before you start applying for jobs, or else you’ll be applying for positions that don’t require your skill set.
- Know what you’re doing. There is no substitute for experience when it comes to being a successful QA tester, so make sure that you have some sort of professional background as a software engineer or programmer in order to stand out from the crowd during interviews and get hired faster.
- Be patient and persistent. You may have to apply for hundreds of jobs before finding one that’s right for your skillset and personality; don’t give up after just one rejection letter!
There are a lot of places to find jobs. Here are some of the most popular:
Average Salary for a QA Tester
According to indeed.com, the average salary for a QA in the USA tester is $56K per year. This is a good starting salary for someone who has never worked in this field before and wants to learn about it.
If you already have some experience in testing software, you can also find these jobs on our site but with better pay and advancement opportunities. With experience comes better pay!
If you want to work in QA as your full-time job or part-time job while going through college or university, make sure that you get your degree first! It will help with getting hired by companies who want testers with years of experience under their belt and not just interns with no knowledge at all (which isn’t much).
If you’re thinking about becoming a QA tester, it’s important to know what kind of job you want and how much it will pay. QA testers are responsible for testing software that helps ensure it is performing properly, reporting bugs and regressions. You can get into this industry by getting training or experience with software development.